Category Archives: Courses



Unlock Exclusive Access To CAT Course Materials.

1. CAT 24 PREMIUM & Other Courses By Padho Leekho

2. CAT 23 PREMIUM & Other Courses By Padho Leekho

Comprehensive CAT Exam Preparation with Padho Leekho

The Common Admission Test (CAT) is one of India’s toughest MBA entrance exams conducted by the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs). It is the gateway to securing admission in the coveted IIMs and 100+ other premier B-schools in the country.

Cracking the CAT requires meticulous preparation, practice, and guidance from expert faculties. This is where Padho Leekho steps in – with our result-oriented coaching, we aspire to help every CAT aspirant achieve their goal of getting into their dream b-school.

Why Prepare for CAT with Padho Leekho? 

1. Comprehensive video lectures

Our CAT coaching program provides access to over 1000+ hours of HD video lectures covering every topic, concept, and question type of the CAT syllabus. The videos are delivered by experienced faculty who use real-life examples, case studies, and proven tips & tricks to simplify complex theories.

2. Section-wise CAT Practice

We have a humongous question bank of 5000+ questions curated by CAT experts for sectional practice. You get Topic-wise, Difficulty level-wise, and Mock CAT options customized as per your preparation needs. Through rigorous practice, you overcome weaknesses and develop exam readiness.


3. Weekly CAT Mock Tests

Writing mock tests is an integral part of CAT preparation. We provide 25+ full-length CAT mock tests for performance benchmarking and improvement. You get an in-depth analysis of mock test performance to identify focus areas.

4. Live Classes and Doubt Clearing

Attend interactive live classes with expert faculties. Ask your doubts and get solutions then and there. Personal attention helps you gain more clarity on complex CAT concepts.

5. Personalized Mentoring

From guidance on strengthening fundamentals to keeping you motivated throughout the CAT prep journey, our mentors provide personalized support as per each student’s requirements. You get the right guidance at the right time.

6. Proven CAT Coaching Excellence

With a legacy of over 10+ years, Padho Leekho has helped thousands of students successfully get into IIMs and top B-schools. Our coaching methodologies are result-oriented, helping students effectively tackle the CAT.

Join India’s most trusted CAT coaching institute and realize your management dreams today!

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Information About CAT Exam

1. What is CAT?

CAT stands for Common Admission Test. It is a computer-based management entrance exam conducted annually by the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) on a rotational basis.
2. Purpose:

CAT is conducted to evaluate the aptitude and skills of candidates seeking admission to various postgraduate management programs, primarily MBA programs, in India’s top business schools.

3. Eligibility:

To be eligible for the CAT exam, a candidate must have a bachelor’s degree with a minimum of 50% marks (45% for SC/ST/PwD candidates) or be in the final year of their bachelor’s program.
4. Exam Pattern:

CAT consists of three sections: Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension (VARC), Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning (DILR), and Quantitative Ability (QA).
The exam is typically held for 3 hours, with 60 minutes allotted to each section.
CAT uses a combination of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and non-MCQs (where the answer needs to be typed).








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5. Scoring and Percentile:

CAT is scored on a scale of 0 to 300.
Each section is scored individually, and there is also a total score.
The CAT score is converted into a percentile, which indicates a candidate’s relative performance compared to other test-takers.

6. Registration and Application:

CAT registration usually opens in August, and the exam is held in November or December.
Candidates need to fill out an online application form, pay the exam fee, and select their preferred exam center.
7. Preparation:

Candidates often prepare for the CAT through self-study, coaching institutes, or online courses. Mock tests and practice papers are essential for CAT preparation.
8. Important Dates:

CAT exam dates and registration details may change from year to year. Generally, Registration will start in August Month and the exam will be conducted in November Month.

9. Admission Process:

After the CAT exam, candidates are shortlisted by IIMs and other participating institutions based on their CAT scores.
Shortlisted candidates are then invited for group discussions, personal interviews, and written ability tests as part of the selection process.
10. Top B-schools:

CAT scores are accepted by many prestigious management institutes in India, including the IIMs, Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), and other renowned business schools.
11. Results:

CAT results are usually declared in January.
Selected candidates receive offers of admission to various management programs.
Remember that the CAT exam pattern, eligibility criteria, and important dates may vary from year to year. Therefore, it’s crucial to refer to the official CAT website or brochure for the most up-to-date and accurate information when you plan to take the exam.



PADHO LEEKHO Tuition Center (PLTC)

PADHO LEEKHO Tuition Centre is an innovation to get quality education at affordable cost. Our aim is to provide tuition classes to score well in academics and prepare them for future challenges.

We encourage to develop of critical thinking and problem solving.

It prepares the students with excellent approaches and abilities required for future competitive exams. 

We offer tuition classes in all of the subjects – Math, Science, Social Science, Hindi, English and Kannada. Our more focus will be for MATH & SCIENCE to develop the concepts and  analytical skills.

Main features of PADHO LEEKHO Tuition Centers (PLTC): 
  1. Tuition classes for ALL STANDARDS From 1st to 12th.
  2. Tuition classes are offered for students from CBSE, ICSE and Karnataka state boards
  3. Offline classes with online test series for better performance analytics and development.
  4. We prepare students for future challenges of competitive exams.

Unique Features of PLTC: 

1. Offline Classes with Online Test Series (Hybrid):

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The assessment and tests and its performance analysis can be done in best way through online tests. Teaching is best by Offline Mode.

Students can take benefit of both offline classes and online Tests to their convenience.

This provides relaxation in students’ daily post school activities and better time utilization.   Overall making them more energetic and enthusiastic about learning and solving the problems.

2. Performance Analysis:

Teachers are constantly testing, analyzing and assessing your child’s progress.

This information is updated to parents accordingly with suggestions and remedial measures for regular improvement.

3. Personalized Attention:

We offer the classes in small batches of 5-8 Students to keep Personalized Attention and monitoring in better way.

Furthermore, each student gets personalized attention from teachers who help them bridge learning gaps and learn more than what is merely given in the syllabus.

4. Quality Of Teachers:

The Teachers are from sound academic background, experienced and moreover deep interest in learning/teaching. Learning is essential part of teaching. Good teachers are life-long learners and we inculcate the life-long learning process to students also.

Join us in this journey of success and learning to help every child discover their exact potential to achieve success in life.


Unlock Exclusive Access To NEET UG Course Materials.

NEET Courses By Padho Leekho

NEET (UG) is one of the toughest medical entrance examinations conducted in India. National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for admission to undergraduate (MBBS/BDS/Ayush Courses) every year.

As per Government of India, it is a mandated requirement to qualify NEET Exam to study medical courses in India and abroad.

The single national level undergraduate medical entrance exam, NEET held every year for admission to 542 medical, 313 dental, 914 AYUSH, and 47 BVSc and AH colleges in India.

The languages in which the NEET (UG) 2021 would be conducted are : English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.

NEET-UG is a sole entrance test for admissions to higher than 66,000 MBBS and BDS seats in India. The National Testing Agency (NTA) has been established the nodal agency for control of all India competitive exams and conducts NEET (UG) from 2019. The Central Board of Secondary Education conducted NEET between 2013 and 2018 before the framework of NTA.

This Exam held in several languages as in Assamese, Bengali, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu. Duration of exam is 3 hours and held in once a year.

There are 180 Question in the examination, 45 questions from Physics, Chemistry, & Biology. Each correct answer earns 4 marks and each incorrect answer gets -1 negative marking.

NEET syllabus dwells of the root conceptions of Physics, Chemistry and Biology taught in classes 11 and 12 as recommended by the NCERT.

NEET Eligibility
The National Eligibility cum Entrance Examination is the only medical entrance examination in India to fill all the medical seats in India which includes the admissions to AIIMS and JIPMER, and also to the admissions of medical courses abroad. To be qualified for the NEET examination, a student must be at least 17 years of age. Besides, the students must also score a total of at least 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

Benefits of NEET
Common Entrance Test

NEET is the only medical entrance examination in India, it prevents the private medical colleges from conducting any entrance examination of its own. The NEET entrance exam helps the medical aspirants to pursue medical courses or MBBS from Abroad.
Equal Opportunity
The students who qualify NEET will get the opportunity to secure a seat at any Medical colleges in any State.
Uniform Admission
NEET exam brings about the uniform admission process to the medical colleges in India. The admissions to the medical universities are only accepted through NEET qualification. It also provides transparency in the medical admission process.

JOIN Today to Excel in NEET Exam

Pattern Of Exam

The entrance examination will be conducted either online or offline or both, consisting of four sections, namely Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English & Logical. Objective-type questionnaires shall be given with equal weightage of marks in all the questions.

Subject Combination Type of Question Number of Question Marks
Physics Objective type 50 200
Chemistry Objective type 50 200
Biology Objective type 50 200
English Proficiency & Logical Reasoning Objective type 50 200

The pattern of the examination shall be objective type-based and there would be multiple choice questions with four options, having a single correct answer (each correct answer carries four marks).

The candidate is supposed to mark the right answer on the OMR sheet. For each incorrect response, one-fourth (1/4) of the total marks allotted to the question would be deducted.

No deduction from the total score will be made if no response is indicated for an item in the answer sheet.

Please note that more than one response indicated against a question would be deemed as an incorrect response and will be negatively marked, even if one of the answers is correct the response shall be considered as negative.


Before NEET (UG) was implemented nationwide, states conducted their own entrance tests and some prestigious medical colleges like AIIMS, JIPMER, IMS-BHU, KMC Manipal & Mangalore and CMC Vellore conducted their own entrance exams.

NEET was initially proposed to take place from 2012 onwards. However, for several reasons, the CBSE and Medical Council of India deferred NEET by a year. The test was announced by the Government of India and was held for the first time on 5 May 2013 across India for students seeking admission for both undergraduate and postgraduate medicine. On 18 July 2013, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of 115 petitions and cancelled the NEET exam and announced that the MCI could not interfere with the admission process done by colleges.




Civil Services Examination (CSE)

Every year approximately 10 lakh aspirants apply for the Civil service examination and nearly half of them appear in prelims to get into the prestigious civil services.

IAS/IPS/IFS/IRS Courses By Padho Leekho

It is a dream job for many. Being a civil servant offers something that many top corporate jobs, businesses, and even reputed government jobs can’t.

It could be power, fame, prestige, self-actualization, perks, or an opportunity to serve the nation.

Many young aspirants start preparing for CSE just after completing their intermediate (12th standard) but it is very vital for a candidate, especially for a fresher to know the right time to prepare for the civil services exam.

This is not as simple as it sounds. Many deserving candidates fall short of their attempts because they come to know about the existence of the Civil Services Examination (CSE) very late in their life when they are on the verge of completing the maximum age limit.

It takes time to understand the demand for this examination and everybody has his/her speed of assessing their strengths and weaknesses.

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Having no time or a lesser number of attempts due to age issues creates additional pressure on the candidate.

The point is that it is crucial to know the various eligibility criteria to prepare in the best possible way and start at the right time in advance.

Knowing all the UPSC eligibility criteria thoroughly, in fact, makes you smarter and gives you an edge over others who are unaware (believe it or not) because then you can plan your UPSC journey (the journey of a lifetime) in a manner best suitable for you.

In light of that, below are the various UPSC eligibility criteria you must know to give your best shot.

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For Indian administrative service, Indian Foreign Service, & Indian Police Service

A candidate must be a citizen of India.

For other services

  1. A candidate must be a citizen of India/ Nepal/Bhutan.
  2. A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January 1962 to permanently settle in India. or
  3. If you are from Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, or other above-mentioned countries (having the intention of permanently settling in India), knowing only the fact that you are eligible for such coveted posts will boost your confidence, and surely, you would not want to miss this chance.

If you are from Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, or other above-mentioned countries (having the intention of permanently settling in India), knowing only the fact that you are eligible for such coveted posts will boost your confidence and surely, you would not want to miss this chance.

Padho Leekho provides best courses to become IAS/IPS/IFS/IRS

Many youngsters from such countries live in India yet are unaware of this golden opportunity in their way.

By studying the job profiles, you are eligible for, you can choose one dream job  that you’re passionate about and it will motivate you in your hard times throughout the UPSC journey.

A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government of India.


Unlock Exclusive Access To NMAT Course Materials.

NMAT 2024 Courses By Padho Leekho

Achieve NMAT Success with Padho Leekho’s Expert Guidance

The NMIMS Management Aptitude Test (NMAT) is a prominent MBA entrance exam that opens gates to 80+ premier management institutes like NMIMS, SPJIMR, IMI, Alliance, VIT, and many others.

At Padho Leekho, our specialized NMAT coaching program is crafted by NMAT experts to enable aspirants to master the exam and get into their target B-schools.

Why Choose Padho Leekho for NMAT Preparation?

1. 500+ Hours of Video Lectures

Get the access to 500+ hours of HD video lectures covering every topic and concept in the NMAT syllabus including QA, LR, VA, and DILR. The videos explain key theories, formulas, and NMAT question-solving techniques.

2. 5000+ NMAT-Style Questions

We have a huge question bank with 5000+ questions exclusively designed on NMAT difficulty level for practical learning. Sectional tests and 25+ full-length NMAT mocks aid self-evaluation.

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3. Tips and Tricks from NMAT Toppers

Learn tips, tricks, and strategies from Padho Leekho’s NMAT expert faculty and top rankers. This will help you solve questions accurately within the exam time limit.

4. Live Doubt Clearing Sessions

Attend interactive live classes to get your NMAT-related doubts cleared by top faculties in real time. Their expertise will give you more clarity on challenging concepts.

5. Weekly NMAT Mock Tests and Analysis

Attempting mocks is key for NMAT preparation. We provide 25+ full-length NMAT mock tests followed by comprehensive analysis to highlight improvement areas.

6. Continuous Mentoring Support

From planning your NMAT prep to keeping you motivated throughout, our experienced mentors provide personalized guidance per each student’s requirements.

With a legacy of 10+ years, Padho Leekho has successfully helped numerous NMAT aspirants get into their target B-schools. Join us today and realize your management dreams.

Master IIFT Exam with Padho Leekho’s Expert Guidance

The Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) exam is the gateway to pursuing an MBA in International Business from IIFT Delhi, Kolkata, and other colleges.

Cracking IIFT requires meticulous preparation and guidance from experienced mentors. At Padho Leekho, our comprehensive IIFT coaching program is designed by experts to help you master the exam and achieve success.

How We Enable You to Crack the IIFT Exam

1. 500+ Hours of IIFT Video Lectures

Get access to 500+ hours of HD video lectures covering the complete IIFT syllabus – Quant, English Grammar, Vocab, GK, Logical Reasoning, and Written Ability.

2. 5000+ IIFT-Style Questions

Our question bank contains 5000+ questions curated by IIFT experts across topics for rigorous practice. Sectional and full-length IIFT mock tests help in timely evaluation.

3. IIFT Exam Workshops

Attend our IIFT-specific workshops on time management, question selection, overcoming test anxiety, and more. Implement the strategies shared by our experts.

4. Weekly IIFT Mock Tests

Writing mocks is key for IIFT preparation. We provide 25+ IIFT mock tests for performance tracking and focused improvement in weak areas.

5. Personalized IIFT Mentoring

From planning your preparation to keeping you motivated, our experienced IIFT mentors provide customized guidance. Share your queries and progress for the right advice.

6. Proven IIFT Results

Padho Leekho has 10+ years of experience with a stellar track record in IIFT coaching. Our structured methodology and expert guidance will help you crack IIFT successfully.

Join India’s top IIFT coaching institute today and pave your path to success!


Unlock Exclusive Access To XAT Course Materials. 

1. XAT – XLRI Courses By Padho Leekho

Ace the XAT Exam with Padho Leekho’s Expert Coaching

The Xavier Aptitude Test (XAT) conducted by XLRI Jamshedpur is one of India’s leading MBA entrance exams. It is the gateway for admission into over 160 premier B-schools including XLRI, XIMB, XIME, SPJIMR, and more.

Cracking the XAT and getting into your target college requires a well-strategized preparation plan executed under the guidance of seasoned mentors. At Padho Leekho, our comprehensive XAT coaching program equips you to master all XAT exam sections and achieve success.

Why Choose Padho Leekho for XAT Preparation?

1. 500+ Hours of Video Content

Get access to 500+ hours of HD video lectures covering the complete XAT syllabus including QA, VA, DM, LR, and GK. The videos explain XAT-specific concepts, theories, and question-solving techniques in depth.

2. 4000+ XAT-style Questions

We have a huge question bank with 4000+ questions specially crafted by XAT experts across topics to help you master every concept through practice. You can take section-wise and mock XAT tests for self-evaluation.

3. Live Classes with Top XAT Faculty

Attend interactive live classes with XAT’s top faculties. Ask your queries in real-time and gain more clarity on difficult topics. Their tips and tricks will be invaluable in your XAT preparation.

4. Analysis of Weekly XAT Mock Tests

Writing mocks is indispensable for XAT success. We provide 25+ full-length XAT mock tests for performance tracking. An in-depth analysis of mocks highlights focus areas for improvement.

5. 1-on-1 Mentoring for XAT Aspirants

From keeping you motivated to providing personalized guidance, our experienced mentors offer continuous support throughout your XAT prep journey. You can reach out for any help needed.

6. Proven XAT Results

Over the years, Padho Leekho has helped thousands of students successfully get into XLRI and other top XAT colleges. Our proven coaching methodology and expert guidance will enable you to master the XAT.

Join India’s top XAT coaching institute today and pave your path to success!

The Xavier Aptitude Test, commonly known as XAT, is a national-level entrance exam conducted by XLRI (Xavier School of Management) on behalf of the Xavier Association of Management Institutes (XAMI). XAT is primarily used Continue reading XAT-XLRI



In May 1950, the first in the series was established in Kharagpur at the site of the Hijli Detention Camp, where the British had incarcerated political prisoners; the institution was named the ” Indian Institute of Technology” before its formal inauguration on August 18, 1951.

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Four more IIT were set up: IIT Bombay (1958), IIT Madras (1959), IIT Kanpur (1959), and IIT Delhi (1961).

Decades later, the sixth IIT was established in Guwahati (1994). India’s first technical institute, set up in 1847 and known as the Thomson College of Engineering and subsequently the University of Roorkee, was ordained as the seventh IIT in September 2001.

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In the year 2008, six new IITs were started: IIT Bhubaneswar, IIT Gandhinagar, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Patna, IIT Rajasthan, and IIT Ropar. This was followed by two more IITs in 2009: IIT Indore and IIT Mandi. During the early years, the IITs benefited in varying degrees from material assistance and academic cooperation from developed countries — IIT Bombay from the Soviet Union, IIT Madras from Germany, IIT Kanpur from the United States, and IIT Delhi from the United Kingdom.


Over the years IITs have created world class educational platforms dynamically sustained through internationally recognized research based on excellent infrastructural facilities.


The faculty and alumni of IITs have made huge impact in all sectors of society, both in India and abroad. The institutes are globally recognized as centres of academic excellence, and are reputed for the outstanding calibre of the students graduating from them.

Class 12th PCM/PCMB


Unlock Exclusive Access To CBSE Class 12th Course Materials.

CBSE Class 12th Courses- PCM/PCMB By Padho Leekho

CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2023-24 

This article will provide a subject-wise overview of the CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2023-24 to help students understand what they can expect to learn in each subject.

English is one of the core subjects in the CBSE Class 12 syllabus. The syllabus focuses on developing the students’ reading, writing, and communication skills, as well as their understanding of the language. Students will study literature, grammar, and composition, and will be expected to write essays, letters, and stories. Additionally, they will learn about the different styles of writing and the use of figurative language.

Mathematics is another core subject in the CBSE Class 12 syllabus. The syllabus covers a wide range of topics, including algebra, calculus, trigonometry, and geometry. Students will be expected to apply mathematical concepts to solve real-world problems, as well as to understand the underlying theories. Additionally, students will be taught about mathematical modeling and the use of technology in mathematics.

Physics is another core subject in the CBSE Class 12 syllabus. The syllabus covers topics such as mechanics, wave optics, thermal physics, and electromagnetic induction. Students will be expected to understand the fundamental principles of physics and to apply these principles to solve problems. Additionally, they will be required to carry out experiments and analyze data to reinforce their understanding of the subject.

Chemistry is another core subject in the CBSE Class 12 syllabus. The syllabus covers topics such as chemical bonding, chemical kinetics, organic chemistry, and thermodynamics. Students will be expected to understand the fundamental principles of chemistry and to apply these principles to solve problems. Additionally, they will be required to carry out experiments and analyze data to reinforce their understanding of the subject.

Biology is a core subject in the CBSE Class 12 syllabus, and it covers topics such as ecology, genetics, evolution, and cell biology. Students will be expected to understand the fundamental principles of biology and to apply these principles to solve problems. Additionally, they will be required to carry out experiments and analyze data to reinforce their understanding of the subject.

Computer Science is another core subject in the CBSE Class 12 syllabus. The syllabus covers topics such as programming, data structures, algorithms, and database management. Students will be expected to understand the fundamental principles of computer science and to apply these principles to solve problems. Additionally, they will be required to develop and implement computer programs to reinforce their understanding of the subject.

In addition to the core subjects, students have the option of choosing elective subjects based on their individual interests and career goals. These subjects can range from languages to applied sciences to humanities. For example, students who are interested in the arts can choose to study subjects such as fine arts, music, or dance. Students who are interested in the applied sciences can choose to study subjects such as engineering graphics, fashion studies, or multimedia and web technology.

To succeed in the CBSE Class 12 exams, students must have a thorough understanding of all the topics covered in the syllabus. This requires regular revision, practice, and self-study. Additionally, students should seek help from their teachers and classmates if they are struggling with a particular subject or concept. It is also important for students to stay up-to-date with the latest developments and news in the field of education.

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Why is it critical to understand the CBSE Class 12 Syllabus in depth? 

Having a thorough understanding of the test curriculum is the first step in preparing for CBSE examinations. Let’s look at some of the reasons why it’s significant:

  1. It has all the information that is required to know.
  1. It provides you with a basic idea of the subjects and how important they are to the test.
  1. It describes the thorough course structure.
  1. It provides details on the relevant study materials and exam information.
  1. It details your exam success


1. Is there any change in CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2023-24?

To lighten the load on students, the board has streamlined nearly every subject’s syllabus and eliminated a few chapters or themes. Students may view the whole Class 12 curriculum on the official website. Students in the Arts, Commerce, and Science disciplines of the CBSE Class 12.

2. What is the new pattern of the 12th 2023-2024 CBSE Exam?

However, the exam format has changed, 20% of the questions on the test papers for the CBSE class 12 board examinations in 2023 will be MCQs or objective problems. 30% of the questions would be competency-based. The subjective or short/long response questions would make up the remaining 50% of the test.

3. Are NCERT textbooks sufficient to cover the 12th class syllabus?

Yes, NCERT solutions are sufficient to finish the CBSE Class 12 syllabus. For this reason, CBSE suggests the NCERT books. Additionally, students should complete past exams and sample papers.


In conclusion, the CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2023-24 is a comprehensive and challenging curriculum that is designed to prepare students for higher education and future careers. It focuses on practical and application-based learning, as well as critical thinking and problem-solving skills. Additionally, it includes a range of co-curricular and extracurricular activities to help students develop important life skills.

Class 10th


Unlock Exclusive Access To CBSE Class 10th Course Materials.

1. CBSE Class 10th Courses By Padho Leekho 

2. CBSE Class 10th Syllabus- Free Download

3. CBSE Class 10th Question Bank

How to prepare for CBSE 10th Board Exam 

Preparing for the CBSE 10th board exams requires a commitment to studying, understanding the subjects, and demonstrating your knowledge authentically and unambiguously. the CBSE board exams are not just about rote learning, they assess your understanding of the subject matter. Focus on building a strong foundation of knowledge and demonstrating your understanding during the exams.

Follow these guidelines for best preparation:

1. Understand the Syllabus: To excel in your course, it’s crucial to have a clear understanding of the syllabus. This includes knowing the topics, assignments, and assessments that will be covered over the term. Take the time to carefully read through the syllabus and ask your professor if you have any questions or uncertainties.

2. Organize Your Study Material: Gather your textbooks, notes, and other study materials. Ensure your notes are in your own words and not copied from external sources.

3. Make sure to study regularly: Set a consistent study schedule that allows you to cover all subjects over time. Avoid cramming, as it can lead to stress and the temptation to plagiarize.

4. Active Learning: Instead of passive reading, engage in active learning methods like summarizing, making notes, and teaching the material to someone else. This will help you internalize the concepts.

5. Practice Previous Year Papers: Solve previous year question papers to get a sense of the exam pattern and the types of questions that might be asked. This can also help you self-assess your knowledge.

6. Group Study: Studying with classmates can be beneficial if you work together to understand and discuss the material. Avoid copying each other’s work.

7. Seek Clarifications: If you’re unclear about any topic, don’t hesitate to ask your teachers for help or clarification. It’s essential to have a clear understanding of the subjects.

8. Use Online Resources Wisely: While online resources can be valuable, ensure that you use them for reference and understanding, not for copying. Always cite your sources if you are quoting or paraphrasing.

9. Cite Sources Properly: If you include information or quotes from books, articles, or websites in your notes or projects, make sure to cite them properly. This not only shows academic honesty but also improves your research skills.

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10. Self-Review: Review your notes and projects to ensure your work is in your own words and not copied from external sources.

11. Time Management: Manage your time effectively to cover all subjects and topics. Don’t leave everything to the last minute, which can lead to shortcuts and potential errors.

12. Stay Informed About CBSE Guidelines: Be aware of CBSE guidelines and regulations and about academic integrity. Comply with these guidelines.


The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), a private, non-governmental board of school education in India.

Information about the ICSE board and its functions:
  1. Establishment: The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) was established in 1958, and it is headquartered in New Delhi, India.

2. Curriculum: The ICSE board offers a comprehensive and balanced curriculum that aims to provide a strong foundation in English and emphasizes a holistic approach to education. It includes a wide range of subjects, including languages, sciences, mathematics, social sciences, and arts.

3. Examinations: The primary function of the ICSE board is to conduct the ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education) examination for Class 10 students and the ISC (Indian School Certificate) examination for Class 12 students. These examinations are usually held in February/March and are considered among the most rigorous and competitive board exams in India.

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4. Recognition: The ICSE and ISC certificates are recognized by various educational institutions in India and abroad. Many schools affiliated with the ICSE board have a reputation for providing a high-quality education.

5. Holistic Education: The ICSE board focuses on holistic education, which means not just academic excellence but also the development of a student’s personality, creativity, critical thinking, and moral values.

6. English-Medium: ICSE is primarily an English-medium board, and English is the medium of instruction for most subjects. However, students are also required to study an additional language and can choose from a list of options.

7. Affiliation: Schools that want to be affiliated with the ICSE board must adhere to the board’s rules and curriculum guidelines. They must also meet certain infrastructure and faculty requirements.

8. Assessment: The ICSE board assesses students through a combination of internal assessments and external examinations. This approach is meant to reduce the emphasis on rote learning and encourage a deeper understanding of subjects.

9. Flexible Subject Options: The board provides students with a degree of flexibility in choosing subjects, allowing them to explore their interests and strengths.

10. Standardization: The ICSE board sets high standards for education and strives for uniformity in the quality of education provided by its affiliated schools.

Overview of the ICSE exam pattern:

1. Subjects: Students appearing for the ICSE examination are required to study a set of compulsory subjects, which typically include English, a second language (e.g., Hindi, French, or other regional languages), Mathematics, Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology), and Social Studies (History, Geography, and Civics). In addition to these, students have the option to choose elective subjects.

2. Internal Assessment: Internal assessment is a significant component of the ICSE examination. Each subject usually includes a project, practical work, or coursework that is evaluated internally by the school. The school conducts and assesses these components, and the marks are submitted to the board. The weightage of internal assessment varies from subject to subject.

3. External Examinations: The ICSE board conducts external examinations in each subject at the end of the academic year. These external exams are written exams, and they typically take place in February/March for Class 10 students.

4. Question Paper Pattern: The question papers for ICSE examinations are designed to test students’ understanding of the subjects. The papers are structured to include a variety of question types, such as multiple-choice questions, short-answer questions, essay-type questions, and practical exams (where applicable).

5. Practical Examinations: In subjects like Science, students are required to appear for practical examinations, which are usually held in their respective schools. These practical exams test the practical skills and understanding of laboratory work.

6. Passing Criteria: To pass the ICSE examination, a student needs to obtain a passing grade in at least five subjects, including English. In addition, students are required to pass in a second language, which is usually studied as a compulsory subject.

7. Grading System: The ICSE board uses a 7-point grading system. The grading system ranges from A (highest) to G (lowest). The grading system helps in providing a qualitative assessment of a student’s performance rather than just marks.

8. Results: After the examinations are completed, the ICSE board releases the results, including detailed mark sheets and grade reports.

9. Elective Subjects: In addition to the core subjects, students have the flexibility to choose elective subjects based on their interests. These can include subjects like Computer Science, Economics, Music, Art, and more.

10. Duration: The ICSE examination for Class 10 typically lasts for about two weeks in February/March.

11. Pass Certificates: After successfully completing the ICSE examination, students are awarded an ICSE Pass Certificate, which is recognized by educational institutions across India and in some international schools.

The popular ICSE books and publishers for various subjects:

1. English:

  • “Treasure Trove: A Collection of ICSE Poems and Short Stories” by Evergreen Publications
  • “A Collection of Short Stories & Poems” by Goyal Brothers Prakashan
  • “Total English for Class 10” by Morning Star

2. Mathematics:

  • “ICSE Mathematics for Class 10” by Selina Publishers
  • “Concise Mathematics Class 10” by R.S. Aggarwal
  • “ML Aggarwal ICSE Mathematics for Class 10”

3. Science:

  • “Concise Physics, Chemistry, and Biology for ICSE Class 10” by Selina Publishers
  • “ICSE Biology Class 10” by Evergreen Publications
  • “ICSE Chemistry Class 10” by S. Chand

4. History and Civics:

  • “ICSE History & Civics for Class 10” by Avichal Publishing Company
  • “Concise History and Civics Class 10” by R. P. Rungta

5. Geography:

  • “ICSE Geography for Class 10” by Oxford University Press
  • “Concise Geography Class 10” by R. K. Jain

6. Computer Science:

  • “A New Approach to ICSE Computer Applications for Class 10” by Goyal Brothers Prakashan
  • “Understanding Computer Applications with BlueJ for ICSE Class X” by Pearson

7. Hindi:

  • “Gadya Sankalan” by Rachna Sagar
  • “Sahitya Sagar” by Evergreen Publications

8. Environmental Science:

  • “ICSE Environmental Science” by Selina Publishers
  • “ICSE Environmental Education for Class 10” by Goyal Brothers Prakashan

9. Art and Craft:

  • “Art & Craft Work Experience” by Frank Brothers

10. Physical Education:

  • “Together with ICSE Physical Education for Class 10” by Rachna Sagar

11. Economics:

  • “ICSE Economics” by Ratna Sagar